The first reference to the wine tradition of the Peloponnese came from Homer who called it Ampeloessa, meaning "full of vines." Neither wars nor phylloxera were able to stop the production of wine here in one of the most historic wine regions of Greece. Spread throughout hillsides, plains and plateaus, the vineyards of the Peloponnese are known for their diversity and complexity. Not far from the pretty town of Nafplion we find Nemea, the most important PDO region in southern Greece for the production of red wines. Here the Agiorgitiko grape is used and produces wines famous for their deep red color, complex aroma and long, velvety palate. In the high altitudes of Mantinia, the noble Moschofilero grape is cultivated producing the PDO wines of Mantinia. The continental climate together with the poor, but well drained soil also leads to the production of some exciting aromatic white wines. On the northwestern part of the Peloponnese is the viticultural region of Patras. Four PDO wines are produced in the region: a savory dry white named Patra, made from the Roditis grape, two delicious aromatic white dessert wines, Moschato Patron and Moschato Rio of Patras, and the popular Mavrodaphne, a fortified red wine made from the Mavrodaphne and Korinthiaki grapes.